南隆地區的滇緬移民村 The Immigrant Villages in Nan Nung Basin
- 翻譯 @ 黃淑萍 (旗美社大「用國中英語遊美濃」學員)
- 2019-11-16 15:45:29
- 2020-08-23 17:27:13
This area of Nan Nung was settled originally by the KMT soldiers who had retreated to Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar during the war with the Communists. The migration occurred in 3 waves. In 1961, 6500 soldiers and their families settled in Taoyuan. Then, 4500 settled in Nantou in Chingjin farms. The third wave is less famous. Several hundred soldiers and their families settled here in Nan Nung along the river basin in villages unceremoniously named Village 1, Village 2, 3 and 4. Village 2 was designated for single officers. And Village 4 was for families with children and for civilians.
Most of these people were originally from Yunnan. They brought with them the unique culture, food, customs and dialect of Mandarin. Painted on the walls of the community you can see the dress and names of the many tribes from which they came including the Wa-dzu, Lagu Dzu and so on.
When they arrived, they found no roads, no jobs just wetlands often flooded and strewn with river stone. They were housed in the local schools until the government helped them to build houses. The government also provided topsoil to support the farming activity and families were given plots of land for farming. They planted watermelon, winter melon and other suitable crops. They tried banana but the plant could not root in the rocky soil. Some people sold the land for gravel mining, which later became illegal.